Sign in with your NHL account:
  • Submit
Tampa Bay Lightning

Basic Hockey Terms

Select from the terms and phrases below to learn more.

WHAT IS HOCKEY?

Hockey 101 LogoHockey is a high-speed game requiring strength, agility, skill and teamwork. "Ice Hockey" is played on a sheet of ice with a rubber puck.

WHAT IS THE OBJECT OF THE GAME?

Hockey 101 LogoScore more goals than the opposing team by shooting the puck into their net.

HOW MANY PLAYERS ARE ALLOWED ON THE ICE?

Hockey 101 LogoEach team is allowed to have a total of six players on the ice. Three forwards, two defenseman and one goalie

HOW LONG IS THE GAME?

Hockey 101 LogoA hockey game is made up of 3 periods of equal length. A regulation NHL game is made up of three, 20 minute periods.

WHAT IF THE GAME IS TIED?

Hockey 101 LogoIf the game is tied at the end of the third period, the game will go to a 5 minute overtime period; the first team to score will win. If both teams fail to score in overtime, the game will be decided in a shootout.

WHAT IS A SHOOTOUT?

Hockey 101 LogoA shootout is a series of 1-on-1 breakaways between a shooter and a goalie with each team alternating shots. Each team will select 3 shooters; best of 3 shots win. If teams remain tied, they will go shot for shot until a winner is declared.

WHAT IS A FACE-OFF

Hockey 101 LogoA face-off is used to begin play. A face-off occurs at the start of each period, as well as after any stoppage of play.

WHAT IS A POWER PLAY?

Hockey 101 LogoA power play occurs when the opposing team gets a penalty and has to send a player to the penalty box. This results in their team being one skater short. Depending on the severity of the penalty, your team will have at least two minutes to score a goal before the penalized player comes back onto the ice.

WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO BE SHORTHANDED OR ON A PENALTY KILL?

Hockey 101 LogoWhen your team receives a penalty, your team must send a player to the penalty box, resulting in your team being 1 skater down, or shorthanded. Depending on the severity of the penalty, your team must fend off the opposition for at least 2 minutes until the penalized player can come back onto the ice.

Return Home

Go back to the Hockey 101 landing page to select from a complete menu of lessons.

Go Now

Next Lesson

Continue your Hockey 101 progress by learning about Equipment.

Go Now