Sign in with your NHL account:
  • Submit
  • Or
  • Sign in with Google
Tampa Bay Lightning

Rules & Penalties

Learn more about the rules of the game and common penalties

ICING

Hockey 101 LogoOccurs when a player shoots the puck from their side of center across the opponents goal line and the puck remains untouched. When icing occurs, a linesman stops play. Play is resumed with a faceoff in the defending zone of the team that committed the infraction.

Icing occurs when the puck is shot from behind the center line, over the opponent's goal line and the puck remains untouched. Icing is called to prevent a team from unnecessarily delaying the game.

Hockey 101

OFFSIDES

Hockey 101 LogoOccurs when an attacking player enters in to the offensive zone before the puck enters the zone. When offsides occur, the linesman blows his whistle and a faceoff takes place just outside the blue line where it occured.

The purpose of the offside rule is to prevent an attacking player from waiting in front of the opponent's goal for a long pass from a teammate, giving him an easier chance to score.

Hockey 101

Penalties

There are 3 types of penalties that can be called during a game; minor penalties, major penalties and misconduct penalties.

Select from the list below to learn more about each type of penalty and learn six common penalties.

MINOR PENALTY

Hockey 101 LogoThis is the most common penalty called. A minor penalty results in the penalized player sitting out for 2 minutes. If a goal is scored by the opposing team during that time, the penalized player may leave the penalty box, and the penalty is over.

MAJOR PENALTY

Hockey 101 LogoMajor penalties are generally the same infractions as minor penalties, only to a higher, more severe degree. Major penalties result in the penalized player sitting in the penalty box for 5 minutes. Regardless if a goal is scored, he must remain there for the entire 5 minutes.

MISCONDUCT PENALTY

Hockey 101 LogoIn the event of misconduct penalties to any players except the goalkeeper, the players shall be ruled off the ice for a period of 10 minutes each. A substitute player is permitted to immediately replace a player serving a misconduct penalty. A player whose misconduct penalty has expired shall remain in the penalty box until the next stoppage of play.

HIGH STICKING

Hockey 101 LogoHitting an opponent above the shoulder with your stick

HOOKING

Hockey 101 LogoUsing your stick in a hook like manner to impede the forward progress of an opposing player.

HOLDING

Hockey 101 LogoUsing your hands to physically grab an opponent or his/her equipment.

TRIPPING

Hockey 101 LogoUsing your stick or any part of your body to trip an opponent.

INTERFERENCE

Hockey 101 LogoImpeding the progress of an opponent who does not have possession of the puck.

DELAY OF GAME

Hockey 101 LogoWhen a player intentionally delays the game in any way including but not limited to shooting the puck out of play in their defensive zone.

Return Home

Go back to the Hockey 101 landing page to select from a complete menu of lessons.

Go Now

Next Lesson

Continue your Hockey 101 progress by learning about Referee Signals.

Go Now